How coffee is made?

Coffee is amazing. For some, it is a necessity while for others coffee is a way to cherish luxury. A cup of coffee is what most of us need to start our day- fresh. Whether you like it black or love to add cream or milk to it, have you ever wondered where coffee comes from?

If you haven’t read about the origin of coffee before, you will be surprised to know that the coffee beans are actually a seed of a berry that grows on the coffee plant. The process of converting the seed into a bean is very complicated and intense which contributes to the coffee beans wholesale price determination.

So, coffee comes from a fruit, the seed of which is split into two in most cases. It is rare that the seed is not split and forms the shape of a pea and hence is named as peaberry.

The coffee plant takes up to 5 years to grow the first fruit and it also demands special growing & harvesting conditions.

Let’s discuss the entire process of coffee production- from tree to the cup

1. Harvesting & processing coffee

There are two ways to harvest coffee beans- by a machine or picked by hand. The seeds are removed from the fruit and then processed. The conventional, processing technique is dry processing. However, modern manufacturers use wet processing techniques nowadays. The processing technique affects the price when you buy coffee wholesale.

As the name suggests, in dry processing the coffee beans are sundried for up to two weeks to remove the pulp around them. On the other hand, in wet processing, the beans are washed and fermented and as soon as the pulp around the bean becomes soft, it is rinsed off.

At the end of the process, we get ‘green coffee beans’ which are highly nutritious and are of the highest quality.

2. Coffee milling

The beans undergo hulling and polishing before they are sold in the market. In the hulling process, exocarp, mesocarp and endocarp are removed from the beans and then the coffee bean is polished to enhance the quality.

The green beans are then sorted based on several parameters including:

·         Size

·         Weight

·         Color consistencies in polished beans

The sorting is done by hand based on these parameters. However, certain advanced companies also use the air jet sorting method to segregate lighter and heavier beans. The more painstaking the method is the more it influences the price when you buy coffee wholesale.

3. Roasting the coffee beans

While unroasted coffee is jam-packed with flavors, the roasted beans have their distinctive taste and aroma. The coffee beans you see commonly are the green coffee beans only but after being roasted. The roasting process makes the fine, aromatic coffee that you love to brew for yourself. Usually, the green coffee beans are roasted at approximately 550F for a long time. During the roasting, they are continuously turned and stirred to avoid burning.

The green beans are first roasted to make them completely dry. As soon as the beans reach the temperature of 400F, they start crackling- a process where the beans doubles in size and take light brown color. With the temperature soaring, the beans change to medium brown and releases an aromatic oil known as caffeol.

The strength of the coffee depends on how well the coffee beans are roasted. Longer roasting time usually means that the beans will have a stronger flavor. However, it also means that there will be high caffeine content in the coffee. Some significant roasting levels include:

Light roasts: These beans do not release any fragrant oil on the surface and appear light to moderate brown in color.

Medium roast: These beans are collected during the first crack. They look light to medium brown in color.

Dark Roast: these beans are achieved after the second crack and are medium to dark colored. They have high caffeine content.

The coffee beans wholesale price differs based on the roast level.

4. Grinding the coffee

The better you grind the coffee, the more flavors you get in your cup. While many consumers buy ground coffee, there are several that prefer to buy beans and grind their own coffee. Depending on the coffee brewer, the coffee can be finely grounded or coarse. Different types of coffee grinds have different flavor releasing time. Fr example, Espresso coffee is finely ground to offer quick flavors in the cup. On the other hand, filter coffee is coarse o ensure the flavors are released slowly and efficiently.

5. Packaging the coffee:

The packaging is a crucial part of the coffee process. Packing serves two purposes- first it preserves the coffee from coming into the contact of air and losing its flavor. Second, it attracts the customer who comes to buy coffee wholesale.

The packaging for coffee is airtight to preserve the taste and aroma.

6. Brewing the coffee

We all love coffee in our own way.  One can like it black or add cream to it. Some are fond of espresso while other love machine or pot made coffee. Whatever your style of brewing is, you must know how to d it the right way to enjoy the taste.


The process of converting coffee berry into ground coffee is intense. Now that you know how coffee is made and what decides coffee beans wholesale price, we hope your cup of coffee will taste even better with all this knowledge.